In past centuries, U.S. political leaders described America as divinely founded and guided; some still do. But now leaders generally secularize their language, speaking of American exceptionalism. Whether this idea is endorsed or criticized, the issue is now usually discussed in terms of the American Empire, whether it is benign or malign. The chapters of this book show that the American empire has been more malign than benign, more demonic than divine.

“This sharp, concise history of the American Empire ultimately demonstrates, in Griffin’s analysis, the fraud of endorsing self-praising American Exceptionalism. A must read.” PEPE ESCOBAR, Asia Times


DAVID RAY GRIFFIN is Professor of Philosophy of Religion and Theology, Emeritus, Claremont School of Theology and Claremont Graduate University (1973-2004); Co-Director, Center for Process Studies. He edited the SUNY Series in Constructive Postmodern Thought (1987-2004), which published 31 volumes. He has written 30 books, edited 13 books, and authored 250 articles and chapters. Also available here: Unprecedented: Can Humanity Survive the CO2 Crisis?